Lincoln’s resolution

The 16th president’s second inaugural address offers new year guidance

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Are you still looking for a resolution to keep in the new year?

Here’s a suggestion. Take a trip down to the Lincoln Memorial — if you’re in the Washington D.C. area — or visit via YouTube. There, inscribed on a wall, is the perfect New Year’s resolution for Americans and people from other countries who still admire this nation despite all its conflicts and contradictions. The words come at the end of the speech Abraham Lincoln delivered during his second inauguration.

The sentence is so familiar to us — “With malice toward none” — Lincoln offers thoughts on the tragedy of the Civil War that split the country and set Americans to killing one another: “One-eighth of the whole population were colored slaves. ... These slaves constituted a peculiar and powerful interest. All knew that this interest was somehow the cause of the war.”

And then it gets biblical, more prophetic than political, suggesting the need for a people to reflect not on their grievances and desires but on their own shortcomings and their duty to the greater good and the fellow humans they have wronged. “Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away,” Lincoln said. “Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondsman’s two hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said ‘the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.’ ”

Yes, the speech was about our national sin of slavery, but it was also about the malign power of interest — demagogic political interests, financial interests, shortsighted self-interest on the part of many individual Americans who have lost sight of the common good and of the need for simple justice and equality in society.

Resolved for this new year, in words spoken 154 years ago: “With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds ... and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.”

­—The Washington Post